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Identification of Naturally Processed Mumps Virus Epitopes by Mass Spectrometry: Confirmation of Multiple CD8+ T-Cell Responses in Mumps Patients

Jelle de Wit et al., The Journal of Infectious Diseases (2020) - PMID: 31560392

Product(s) used in this publication:  Reference Peptides for Targeted Proteomics - SpikeTides™ & SpikeMix™

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The re-emergence of mumps among vaccinated young adults has become a global issue. Besides waning of antibody responses, suboptimal induction of T-cell responses may reduce protection. In a recent study, we observed a dominant polyfunctional CD8+ T-cell response after natural mumps virus (MuV) infection that was not present after vaccination. Unraveling the MuV epitope repertoire can provide insight in the specificity, functionality, and breadth of the T-cell response against MuV.

METHODS:

Peptides were eluted from human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I molecules of MuV-infected cells and characterized by advanced mass spectrometry. Selected identified MuV peptides were tested for in vitro and ex vivo immunogenicity.

RESULTS:

In this study, we identified a broad landscape of 83 CD8+ T-cell epitopes of MuV, 41 of which were confirmed based on synthetic peptide standards. For 6 epitopes, we showed induction of an HLA-A*02-restriced CD8+ T-cell response. Moreover, robust T-cell responses against 5 selected MuV epitopes could be detected in all tested mumps patients using peptide/HLA-A*02:01 dextramers.

CONCLUSIONS:

The identified CD8+ T-cell epitopes will help to further characterize MuV-specific T-cell immunity after natural MuV infection or vaccination. These MuV epitopes may provide clues for a better understanding of, and possibly for preventing, mumps vaccine failure.We identified for the first time 41 mumps virus (MuV)-specific HLA-A*02 epitopes. For 6 epitopes, CD8+ T-cell responses were confirmed in T cells derived from several mumps cases, and MuV-specific CD8+ T cells could be identified by peptide/dextramer staining.

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