Product(s) used in this publication: Reference Peptides for Targeted Proteomics - SpikeTides™ & SpikeMix™
Mammalian host response to pathogens is associated with fluctuations in high abundant proteins in body fluids as well as in regulation of proteins expressed in relatively low copy numbers like cytokines secreted from immune cells and endothelium. Hence, efficient monitoring of proteins associated with host response to pathogens remains a challenging task. In this paper, we present a targeted proteome analysis of a panel of 20 proteins that are widely believed to be key players and indicators of bovine host response to mastitis pathogens. Stable isotope-labeled variants of two concordant proteotypic peptides from each of these 20 proteins were obtained through the QconCAT method. We present the quantotypic properties of these 40 proteotypic peptides and discuss their application to research in host-pathogen interactions. Our results clearly demonstrate a robust monitoring of 17 targeted host-response proteins. Twelve of these were readily quantified in a simple extraction of mammary gland tissues, while the expression levels of the remaining proteins were too low for direct and stable quantification; hence, their accurate quantification requires further fractionation of mammary gland tissues.