Prophylactic Transfer of BCR-ABL–, PR1-, and WT1-Reactive Donor T Cells after T cell–Depleted Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation in Patients with Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

Bornhäuser et al., Blood. (2011) - PMID: 21540460

Product(s) used in this publication: PepMix™ Peptide Pools


Donor lymphocyte infusions have been effective in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) relapsing after allogeneic stem cell transplantation, but their use is associated with the risk of graft-versus-host disease. We investigated the effects of prophylactic infusion of in vitro-generated donor T cells reactive against peptides derived from CML-associated antigens. Fourteen CML patients received conditioning therapy followed by CD34(+)-selected peripheral blood stem cells from matched siblings (n = 7) or unrelated (n = 7) donors. Donor-derived mature dendritic cells generated in vitro from CD14(+) monocytes were loaded with human leukocyte Ag-restricted peptides derived from PR1, WT1, and/or B-cell receptor-ABL and used to repetitively stimulate donor CD8(+) T cells in the presence of IL-2 and IL-7. Stimulated T cells were infused 28, 56, and 112 days after transplantation. Thirteen patients are alive and 7 remain in molecular remission (median follow-up, 45 months). Interestingly, all 4 patients receiving CD8(+) T cells displaying marked cytotoxic activity in vitro and detectable peptide-reactive CD8(+) T cells during follow-up have not experienced graft-versus-host disease or relapse. Our study reveals that prophylactic infusion of allogeneic CD8(+) T cells reactive against peptides derived from CML-associated antigens is a safe and promising therapeutic strategy. This trial was registered at as #NCT00460629.

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