Product(s) used in this publication: Specialty Peptides
Specific cancer cell targeting is a pre-requisite for efficient drugdelivery as well as for high-resolution imaging and still represents a major technical challenge. Tumor-associated enzyme-assisted targeting is a new concept that takes advantage of the presence of a specific activity in the tumor entity. MMP-9 is a protease found to be upregulated in virtually all malignant tumors. Consequently, we hypothesized that its presence can provide a de-shielding activity for targeteddelivery of drugs by nanoparticles (NPs) in pancreaticcancer. Here, we describe synthesis and characterization of an optimized MMP-9-cleavable linker mediating specific removal of a PEG shield from a PLGA-b-PEG-based polymeric nanocarrier (Magh@PNPs-PEG-RegaCP-PEG) leading to specific uptake of the smaller PNPs with their cargo into cells. The specific MMP-9-cleavable linker was designed based on the degradation efficiency of peptides derived from the collagen type II sequence. MMP-9-dependent uptake of the Magh@PNPs-PEG-RegaCP-PEG was demonstrated in pancreaticcancer cells in vitro. Accumulation of the Magh@PNPs-PEG-RegaCP-PEG in pancreatic tissues in the clinically relevant KPC mouse model of pancreaticcancer, as a proof-of-concept, was tumor-specific and MMP-9-dependent, indicating that MMP-9 has a strong potential as a specific mediator of PNP de-shielding for tumor-specific uptake. Pre-treatment of mice with Magh@PNPs-PEG-RegaCP-PEG led to reduction of liver metastasis and drastically decreased average colony size. In conclusion, the increased tumor-specific presence and activity of MMP-9 can be exploited to deliver an MMP-9-activatable NP to pancreatic tumors specifically, effectively, and safely.
Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Drugdelivery; MMP-9; Nanoparticles; Pancreaticcancer; Targeting