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Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) as an Activator of Nanosystems for Targeted Drug Delivery in Pancreatic Cancer

Grünwald et al., Journal of controlled release (2016) - PMID: 27545397

Product(s) used in this publication:  Specialty Peptides

Abstract:

Specific cancer cell targeting is a pre-requisite for efficient drug delivery as well as for high-resolution imaging and still represents a major technical challenge. Tumor-associated enzyme-assisted targeting is a new concept that takes advantage of the presence of a specific activity in the tumor entity. MMP-9 is a protease found to be upregulated in virtually all malignant tumors. Consequently, we hypothesized that its presence can provide a de-shielding activity for targeted delivery of drugs by nanoparticles (NPs) in pancreatic cancer. Here, we describe synthesis and characterization of an optimized MMP-9-cleavable linker mediating specific removal of a PEG shield from a PLGA-b-PEG-based polymeric nanocarrier (Magh@PNPs-PEG-RegaCP-PEG) leading to specific uptake of the smaller PNPs with their cargo into cells. The specific MMP-9-cleavable linker was designed based on the degradation efficiency of peptides derived from the collagen type II sequence. MMP-9-dependent uptake of the Magh@PNPs-PEG-RegaCP-PEG was demonstrated in pancreatic cancer cells in vitro. Accumulation of the Magh@PNPs-PEG-RegaCP-PEG in pancreatic tissues in the clinically relevant KPC mouse model of pancreatic cancer, as a proof-of-concept, was tumor-specific and MMP-9-dependent, indicating that MMP-9 has a strong potential as a specific mediator of PNP de-shielding for tumor-specific uptake. Pre-treatment of mice with Magh@PNPs-PEG-RegaCP-PEG led to reduction of liver metastasis and drastically decreased average colony size. In conclusion, the increased tumor-specific presence and activity of MMP-9 can be exploited to deliver an MMP-9-activatable NP to pancreatic tumors specifically, effectively, and safely.

Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Drug delivery; MMP-9; Nanoparticles; Pancreatic cancer; Targeting

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