Product(s) used in this publication: PepStar™ Peptide Microarrays
Peptide microarray analysis is a novel method that can provide useful information on the nature of specific allergies.
We sought to determine the specificity and diversity of IgE and IgG4 antibodies binding to sequential epitopes of alpha(s1)-, alpha(s2)-, beta-, and kappa-caseins and beta-lactoglobulin by using a peptide microarray-based immunoassay.
A microarray immunoassay was performed with sera from 31 children with IgE-mediated milk allergy (16 with positive oral milk challenge results [ie, the reactive group] and 15 with negative oral milk challenge results [ie, the tolerant group]). A library of peptides, consisting of 20 amino acids (AAs) overlapping by 17 (3-offset), corresponding to the primary sequences of alpha(s1)-, alpha(s2)-, beta-, and kappa-caseins and beta-lactoglobulin was printed on epoxy-coated slides. A region was defined as an epitope if it was statistically associated with reactive groups and recognized by at least 75% of reactive patients.
By using this method, a total of 10 epitopes were identified: alpha(s1), AAs 28 to 50, 75% reactive and 26.7% tolerant; alpha(s2), AAs 1 to 20, 75% reactive and 13.3% tolerant; AAs 13 to 32, 75% reactive and 26.7% tolerant; AAs 67 to 86, 75% reactive and 33.3% tolerant; and AAs 181 to 207, 75% reactive and 20% tolerant; beta-casein, AAs 25 to 50, 75% reactive and 33.3% tolerant, AAs 52 to 74, 81.3% reactive and 26.7% tolerant; and AAs 154 to 173, 75% reactive and 33.3% tolerant; beta-lactoglobulin, AAs 58 to 77, 81.3% reactive and 40% tolerant; and kappa-casein, AAs 34 to 53, 87.5% reactive and 40% tolerant.
Several regions have been defined as epitopes, which showed differential recognition patterns between reactive and tolerant patients. Further studies are needed to validate the utility of this assay in clinical practice.