Product(s) used in this publication: Specialty Peptides
Increasing studies demonstrated that photobiomodulation (PBM) influenced specific biological effects in cells, tissues and organs, and these effects rely on the production of light irradiation. In this study, we aimed to precisely manipulate the spatial arrangement of adhesion cells in a traditional culture condition with 450 nm low intensity laser. Through 450 nm laser PBM, the adhesion of the cultured cells was significantly improved and resisted the digestion of 0.1% trypsin. Combined with a computer aided design system (CAD) and computer numerical control (CNC) system, the designed laser irradiation pattern induced the specific cell micropattern in the culture dish. RNA sequencing and biochemical experiments confirmed that the 450 nm laser prompted low-density lipoprotein (LDL) bonding to the cell surface and induced lipid peroxidation, which crosslinked and modified the protein molecules on the irradiated cell surface. In this way, the peroxidation product-modified proteins resisted trypsin proteolysis, ultimately leading to a differential detachment between the irradiated and non-irradiated cells under trypsin treatment. This convenient method did not require special biomaterial processing, has no impact on cell viability and functions, and required no changes to the conventional cell culture conditions. The photo-induced cell capturing is a great complement to existing tools by providing spatial resolution.