Product(s) used in this publication: PepTrack™ Peptide Libraries
After allogeneic stem cell transplantation patients are at risk of invasive aspergillosis, especially during the period of neutropenia. Recent data suggest that impaired T-cell immune reconstitution after transplantation plays an important role in this increased risk. In this study we investigated whether Aspergillus-specific T cells are involved in the recovery from invasive aspergillosis by analyzing the Aspergillus-specific T-cell response in patients with invasive aspergillosis. In nine patients whose Aspergillus infection improved, we identified Crf1- or Catalase1-specific T cells on the basis of CD154 expression and interferon-γ production following stimulation with overlapping peptides of the A. fumigatus proteins Crf1 and Catalase1. These Aspergillus-specific T cells were induced at the moment of regression of the aspergillus lesions. Crf1- and Catalase1-specific T cells, sorted on the basis of CD154 expression at the peak of the immune response, had a T helper-1 phenotype and recognized a variety of T-cell epitopes. In contrast, in two patients with progressive invasive aspergillosis, no Crf1- or Catalase1-specific T cells were identified. These data indicate that the presence of Aspergillus-specific T cells with a T helper-1 phenotype correlates with the clearance of aspergillus infection.
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