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Identification of Theileria lestoquardi Antigens Recognized by CD8+ T Cells

Goh et al., Plos One (2016) - PMID: 27611868

Product(s) used in this publication:  PepTrack™ Peptide Libraries

Abstract:

As part of an international effort to develop vaccines for Theilerialestoquardi, we undertook a limited screen to test T. lestoquardi orthologues of antigens recognised by CD8+ T lymphocyte responses against T. annulata and T. parva in cattle. Five MHC defined sheep were immunized by live T. lestoquardi infection and their CD8+ T lymphocyte responses determined. Thirteen T. lestoquardi orthologues of T. parva and T. annulata genes, previously shown to be targets of CD8+ T lymphocyte responses of immune cattle, were expressed in autologous fibroblasts and screened for T cell recognition using an IFNγ assay. Genes encoding T. lestoquardiantigens Tl8 (putative cysteine proteinase, 349 aa) or Tl9 (hypothetical secreted protein, 293 aa) were recognise by Tcells from one animal that displayed a unique MHC class I genotype. Antigenic 9-mer peptide epitopes of Tl8 and Tl9 were identified through peptide scans using CD8+ Tcells from the responding animal. These experiments identify the first T. lestoquardiantigens recognised by CD8+ T cell responses linked to specific MHC class I alleles.

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