Product(s) used in this publication: PepMix™ Peptide Pools
Humanparainfluenzavirus-3 (HPIV) is a common cause of respiratory infection in immunocompromised patients and currently has no effective therapies. Virus-specific T-cell therapy has been successful for the treatment or prevention of viral infections in immunocompromised patients but requires determination of T-cell antigens on targeted viruses.
HPIV3-specific T cells were expanded from peripheral blood of healthy donors using a rapid generation protocol targeting four HPIV3 proteins. Immunophenotyping was performed by flow cytometry. Viral specificity was determined by interferon (IFN)-γ ELISpot, intracellular cytokine staining and cytokine measurements from culture supernatants by Luminex assay. Cytotoxic activity was tested by 51Cr release and CD107a mobilization assays. Virus-specific T cells targeting six viruses were then produced by rapid protocol, and the phenotype of HPIV3-specific T cells was determined by immunomagnetic sorting for IFN-γ-producing cells.
HPIV3-specific T cells were expanded from 13 healthy donors. HPIV3-specific T cells showed a CD4+ predominance (mean CD4:CD8 ratio 2.89) and demonstrated specificity for multiple HPIV3 antigens. The expandedT cells were polyfunctional based on cytokine production but only had a minor cytotoxic component. T cells targeting six viruses in a single product similarly showed HPIV3 specificity, with a predominant effector memory phenotype (CD3+/CD45RA-/CCR7-) in responder cells.
HPIV3-specific T cells can be produced using a rapid exvivo protocol from healthy donors and are predominantly CD4+T cells with Th1 activity. HPIV3 epitopes can also be successfully targeted alongside multiple other viral epitopes in production of six-virus T cells, without loss of HPIV3 specificity. These products may be clinically beneficial to combat HPIV3 infections by adoptive T-cell therapy in immune-compromised patients.
Copyright © 2016 International Society for Cellular Therapy. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
antiviral therapy; cytotoxic T-lymphocytes; humanparainfluenza; immunodeficiency; immunotherapy