Product(s) used in this publication: PepMix™ Peptide Pools
Differential diagnosis between Polyoma virus associated-nephropathy (PVAN) and T-cell mediated rejection (TCMR) might be challenging, as respective treatment approaches are totally opposite. Here we report the illustrative case of a kidney transplant recipient with PVAN who developed a persistent acute TCMR after full abrogation of viral infection through immunosuppression modulation. By simultaneous functional immune monitoring of BKV and donor-specific T-cell responses using IFN-γELISPOT assay, we retrospectively demonstrated the predominant effector mechanisms responsible of allograft injury and thus, potential guidance for treatment decision-making. Furthermore, the evidence of an efficient T-cell alloimmunity abrogation accompanied by a sustained anti-viral response after sirolimus addition, promotes the potential benefit of converting patients to an mTOR-based immunosuppression in case of PVAN.