Product(s) used in this publication: Peptide ELISA
PD-L1 is a surface molecule which is expressed on different types of cells, including antigen presenting cells, vascular endothelial cells and other cells of human tissues. Expression of PD-L1 is also found on human tumor cells. PD-L1 as the ligand to PD1 receptor molecule of CD8+ T cells inhibits its cytotoxic effect on the tumor cell. The modern target therapy uses this interaction to inhibit the PD-1 molecule of T cells to stimulate tumor necrosis. To compare expression differences, twelve frequent types of malignant tumors with ten patients per group were selected. Immunohistochemical stains with different antibodies for PD-L1 (DAKO, Spring Bioscience, Ventana, Cell Signaling, Biocare Medical, Abcam, Zeta Corporation) were performed, analyzed and compared. To summarize, we detected variable expression pattern of PD-L1 with general higher mean value of expression of tumor cells with clone SP263 in most tumor groups. In the comparison of selected cases of lung cancer, therapy relevant differences of PD-L1 expression on tumor cells with different antibodies were observed. Additionally, the profiling study of several PD-L1-antibody clones (28-8 Abcam and 28-8 DAKO, SP142, SP263) with Signal-to-Amino Acid Residue Plots was performed with interesting findings of cross-activity of SP142 with two peptides from PD-1, which can explain why clone SP142 stains immune cells more intensively, as previously published.