Product(s) used in this publication: Specialty Peptides
N-Linked glycosylation is a frequent protein modification that occurs in all three domains of life. This process involves the transfer of a preassembled oligosaccharide from a lipid donor to asparagine side chains of polypeptides and is catalyzed by the membrane-bound oligosaccharyltransferase (OST). We characterized an alternative bacterial pathway wherein a cytoplasmic N-glycosyltransferase uses nucleotide-activated monosaccharides as donors to modify asparagine residues of peptides and proteins. N-Glycosyltransferase is an inverting glycosyltransferase and recognizes the NX(S/T) consensus sequence. It therefore exhibits similar acceptor site specificity as eukaryotic OST, despite the unrelated predicted structural architecture and the apparently different catalytic mechanism. The identification of an enzyme that integrates some of the features of OST in a cytoplasmic pathway defines a novel class of N-linked protein glycosylation found in pathogenic bacteria.