Product(s) used in this publication: PepMix™ Peptide Pools
We report on the successful infusion of human adenovirus (HAdV)-specific T cells in a child with congenital amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia, given T-cell-depleted hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from the HLA-haploidentical mother during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for severe HAdV-related respiratory failure. Donor-derived, interferon (IFN)-γ-secreting HAdV-specific T cells were enriched using the cytokine capture assay, after in vitro stimulation with overlapping peptides from the immunodominant HAdV5 hexon protein. Two weeks after T-cell transfer, viral load decreased and ECMO was discontinued. T-cell responses to HAdV antigens were documented after four weeks and were associated with viral clearance, immune reconstitution and clinical amelioration.
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
ECMO; T lymphocyte; adenovirus; immune recovery; immunotherapy; stem cell transplantation