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Using Stepwise Pharmacogenomics and Proteomics to Predict Hepatitis C Treatment Response in Difficult to Treat Patient Populations

Naggie et al., PROTEOMICS – Clinical Applications (2018) - PMID: 30058111

Product(s) used in this publication:  Absolutely Quantified Peptides SpikeTides™ TQL

Abstract:

PURPOSE:

In the interferon era of hepatitis C virus (HCV) therapies, genotype/subtype, cirrhosis, prior treatment failure, sex, and race predicted relapse. Our objective is to validate a targeted proteomics platform of 17 peptides to predict sustained virologic response (SVR).

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

Stored plasma from three, open-label, trials of HIV/HCV-coinfected subjects receiving interferon-containing regimens is identified. LC-MS/MS is used to quantitate the peptides directly from plasma, and IL28B genotyping is completed using stored peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). A logistic regression model is built to analyze the probability of SVR using responders and nonresponders to interferon-based regimens.

RESULTS:

The cohort (N = 35) is predominantly black (51.4%), male (86%), and with median age 48 years. Most patients achieve SVR (54%). Using multivariable models, it is verified that three human corticosteroid binding globulin (CBG) peptides are predictive of SVR in patients with the unfavorable IL28B genotypes (CT/TT). The model performs better than IL28B alone, with an area under the curve of 0.870.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE:

In HIV/HCV-coinfected patients, three human CBG peptides that accurately predict treatment response with interferon-based therapy are identified. This study suggests that a stepwise approach combining a genetic predictor followed by targeted proteomics can improve the accuracy of clinical decision-making.

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