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Timing and Intensity of Exposure to Interferon‐gamma Critically Determines the Function of Monocyte‐derived Dendritic Cells

Kerkar et al., Immunology (2014) - PMID: 24678989

Product(s) used in this publication: PepMix™ Peptide Pools

Abstract:

A growing body of evidence suggests that inflammatory cytokines have a dualistic role in immunity. In this study, we sought to determine the direct effects of interferon-γ (IFN-γ) on the differentiation and maturation of human peripheral blood monocyte-derived dendritic cells (moDC). Here, we report that following differentiation of monocytes into moDC with granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor and interleukin-4, IFN-γ induces moDC maturation and up-regulates the co-stimulatory markers CD80/CD86/CD95 and MHC Class I, enabling moDC to effectively generate antigen-specific CD4(+) and CD8(+) T-cell responses for multiple viral and tumour antigens. Early exposure of monocytes to high concentrations of IFN-γ during differentiation promotes the formation of macrophages. However, under low concentrations of IFN-γ, monocytes continue to differentiate into dendritic cells possessing a unique gene-expression profile, resulting in impairments in subsequent maturation by IFN-γ or lipopolysaccharide and an inability to generate effective antigen-specific CD4(+) and CD8(+) T-cell responses. These findings demonstrate that IFN-γ imparts differential programmes on moDC that shape the antigen-specific T-cell responses they induce. Timing and intensity of exposure to IFN-γ can therefore determine the functional capacity of moDC.

Published 2014. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.

KEYWORDS:

T lymphocytes; antigen presentation; dendritic cells; inflammation; interferon-γ

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