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The Serum- and Glucocorticoid-inducible Kinase 1 (SGK1) Influences Platelet Calcium Signaling and Function by Regulation of Orai1 Expression in Megakaryocytes

Borst el al., Blood (2012) - PMID: 22031864

Product(s) used in this publication:  Specialty Peptides

Abstract:

Platelets are activated on increase of cytosolic Ca2+ activity ([Ca2+](i)), accomplished by store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) involving the pore-forming ion channel subunit Orai1. Here, we show, for the first time, that the serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase 1 (SGK1) is expressed in platelets and megakaryocytes. SOCE and agonist-induced [Ca2+](i) increase are significantly blunted in platelets from SGK1 knockout mice (sgk1(-/-)). Similarly, Ca2+ -dependent degranulation, integrin α(IIb)β3 activation, phosphatidylserine exposure, aggregation, and in vitro thrombus formation were significantly impaired in sgk1(-/-) platelets, whereas tail bleeding time was not significantly enhanced. Platelet and megakaryocyte Orai1 transcript levels and membrane protein abundance were significantly reduced in sgk1(-/-) mice. In human megakaryoblastic cells (MEG-01), transfection with constitutively active (S422D)SGK1 but not with inactive (K127N)SGK1 significantly enhanced Orai1 expression and SOCE, while effects reversed by the SGK1 inhibitor GSK650394 (1μM). Transfection of MEG-01 cells with (S422D)SGK1 significantly increased phosphorylation of IκB kinase α/β and IκBα resulting in nuclear translocation of NF-κB subunit p65. Treatment of (S422D)SGK1-transfected MEG-01 cells with the IκB kinase inhibitor BMS-345541 (10μM) abolished SGK1-induced increase of Orai1 expression and SOCE. The present observations unravel SGK1 as novel regulator of platelet function, effective at least in part by NF-κB-dependent transcriptional up-regulation of Orai1 in megakaryocytes and increasing platelet SOCE.

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