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T-cell Therapy for EBV-Associated Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: Preparative Lymphodepleting Chemotherapy Does not Improve Clinical Results

Secondino et al., Ann. Onc. (2012) - PMID: 21586688

Product(s) used in this publication: PepMix™ Peptide Pools

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:

We and others have demonstrated that adoptive cell therapy with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-specific autologous cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) may control disease progression in patients with EBV-associated nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). With the aim of favoring in vivo T-cell expansion, we optimized our cell therapy approach by administering higher doses of EBV-specific CTLs, following lymphodepleting chemotherapy.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Eleven patients with EBV-related NPC in whom conventional treatment failed have been enrolled. Patients received nonmyeloablative lymphodepleting chemotherapy consisting of cyclophosphamide and fludarabine. Two doses of autologous EBV-specific CTLs were subsequently infused, 2 weeks apart. Study end points were feasibility and clinical outcome.

RESULTS:

All patients enrolled completed the treatment and were assessable for analysis. The median dose of CTLs per infusion was 3.7 × 10(8). Therapy was well tolerated, with no severe adverse events ascribable to either chemotherapy or cell therapy. Disease control (defined as either tumor regression or disease stabilization lasting >4 months) was obtained in 6 of 11 patients, in keeping with previously published results.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our data confirm that EBV-specific CTL therapy is safe and associated with antitumor activity in patients with advanced NPC. The use of lymphodepleting chemotherapy before high-dose CTL infusion did not enhance the clinical benefit observed in our previous series.

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