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Reconstitution of Cytomegalovirus-specific T-cell Response in Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Recipients: the Contribution of Six Frequently Recognized, Virus-encoded ORFs

Nemeckova et al., Transpl Infect Dis. (2016) - PMID: 27061389

Product(s) used in this publication: PepMix™ Peptide Pools

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:

The reactivation of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) in immunosuppressed patients is associated with significant morbidity. Testing HCMV-specific T-cell responses can help determine which patients are at high risk of HCMV disease. We optimized selection of HCMV antigens for detection of T-cell response of patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) with the aim of identifying patients with insufficient control of HCMV reactivation.

METHODS:

T-cell immune response to HCMV was monitored in 30 patients during the first year after HSCT. The HSCT recipients were classified according to their anti-HCMV T-cell response and the presence of HCMV DNA in the blood.

RESULTS:

We observed an inverse relationship between the magnitude of HCMV-specific T-cell responses against CMV lysate, phosphoprotein (pp) 65, immediate early-1 (IE-1), UL36, and UL55, but not to US3 and US29 detected by interferon-gamma (IFNγ)- ELISPOT and the level of HCMV DNA in the blood of patients during the 30 days following sampling. The study has revealed that patients who received a graft from a seronegative donor have a lower T-cell response against HCMV and increased probability of HCMV reactivation in comparison to the patients who had received their graft from a seropositive donor.

CONCLUSION:

The individual peptide pools and native HCMV antigens were useful for monitoring the time course of the anti-HCMV response by IFNγ-ELISPOT, which proved to have a prognostic value. Besides widely employed peptide pools of pp65 and IE-1, the use of antigens UL36 and UL55, but not US3 or US29, increased sensitivity of the test.

© 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

KEYWORDS:

ELISPOT; T cell; allogeneic stem cell transplantation; human cytomegalovirus; interferon-gamma

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