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Prophylactic and Therapeutic Vaccination with a Nanoparticle-based Peptide Vaccine Induces Efficient Protective Immunity During Acute and Chronic Retroviral Infection

Knuschke T et al., Nanomedicine (2014) - PMID: 25014891

Product(s) used in this publication:  Custom Peptide Synthesis

Abstract:

Retroviral infections e.g. HIV still represent a unique burden in the field of vaccine research. A common challenge in vaccine design is to find formulations that create appropriate immune responses to protect against and/or control the given pathogen. Nanoparticles have been considered to be ideal vaccination vehicles that mimic invading pathogens. In this study, we present biodegradable calcium phosphate (CaP) nanoparticles, functionalized with CpG and retroviral T cell epitopes of Friend virus (FV) as excellent vaccine delivery system. CaP nanoparticles strongly increased antigen delivery to antigen-presenting cells to elicit a highly efficient T cell-mediated immune response against retroviral FV infection. Moreover, single-shot immunization of chronically FV-infected mice with functionalized CaP nanoparticles efficiently reactivated effector T cells which led to a significant decrease in viral loads. Thus, our findings clearly indicate that a nanoparticle-based peptide immunization is a promising approach to improve antiretroviral vaccination.

FROM THE CLINICAL EDITOR:

In this study, biodegradable calcium phosphate nanoparticles were used as a vaccine delivery system after functionalization with CpG and Friend virus-derived T-cell epitopes. This vaccination strategy resulted in increased T-cell mediated immune response even in chronically infected mice, providing a promising approach to the development of clinically useful antiretroviral vaccination strategies.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Delivery system; Nanoparticle; Retrovirus; T cell immunity; Vaccination

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