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Potent High-Affinity Antibodies for Treatment and Prophylaxis of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Derived from B Cells of Infected Patients

Collarini et al., J. Immunol. (2009) - PMID: 19841167

Product(s) used in this publication:  PepSpots™ Peptides on Cellulose

Abstract:

Native human Abs represent attractive drug candidates; however, the low frequency of B cells expressing high-quality Abs has posed a barrier to discovery. Using a novel single-cell phenotyping technology, we have overcome this barrier to discover human Abs targeting the conserved but poorly immunogenic central motif of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) G protein. For the entire cohort of 24 subjects with recent RSV infection, B cells producing Abs meeting these stringent specificity criteria were rare, <10 per million. Several of the newly cloned Abs bind to the RSV G protein central conserved motif with very high affinity (K(d) 1-24 pM). Two of the Abs were characterized in detail and compared with palivizumab, a humanized mAb against the RSV F protein. Relative to palivizumab, the anti-G Abs showed improved viral neutralization potency in vitro and enhanced reduction of infectious virus in a prophylaxis mouse model. Furthermore, in a mouse model for postinfection treatment, both anti-G Abs were significantly more effective than palivizumab at reducing viral load. The combination of activity in mouse models for both prophylaxis and treatment makes these high-affinity human-derived Abs promising candidates for human clinical testing.

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