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Parvulin 17-Catalyzed Tubulin Polymerization is Regulated by Calmodulin in a Calcium-Dependent Manner

Burgardt et al, J Biol Chem. (2015) - PMID: 25940090

Product(s) used in this publication:  Phosphorylation Site Detectors

Abstract:

Recently we have shown that the peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerase parvulin 17 (Par17) interacts with tubulin in a GTP-dependent manner, thereby promoting the formation of microtubules. Microtubule assembly is regulated by Ca(2+)-loaded calmodulin (Ca(2+)/CaM) both in the intact cell and under in vitro conditions via direct interaction with microtubule-associated proteins. Here we provide the first evidence that Ca(2+)/CaM interacts also with Par17 in a physiologically relevant way, thus preventing Par17-promoted microtubule assembly. In contrast, parvulin 14 (Par14), which lacks only the first 25 N-terminal residues of the Par17 sequence, does not interact with Ca(2+)/CaM, indicating that this interaction is exclusive for Par17. Pulldown experiments and chemical shift perturbation analysis with (15)N-labeled Par17 furthermore confirmed that calmodulin (CaM) interacts in a Ca(2+)-dependent manner with the Par17 N terminus. The reverse experiment with (15)N-labeled Ca(2+)/CaM demonstrated that the N-terminal Par17 segment binds to both CaM lobes simultaneously, indicating that Ca(2+)/CaM undergoes a conformational change to form a binding channel between its two lobes, apparently similar to the structure of the CaM-smMLCK(796-815) complex. In vitro tubulin polymerization assays furthermore showed that Ca(2+)/CaM completely suppresses Par17-promoted microtubule assembly. The results imply that Ca(2+)/CaM binding to the N-terminal segment of Par17 causes steric hindrance of the Par17 active site, thus interfering with the Par17/tubulin interaction. This Ca(2+)/CaM-mediated control of Par17-assisted microtubule assembly may provide a mechanism that couples Ca(2+) signaling with microtubule function.

© 2015 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

KEYWORDS:

calcium; calmodulin (CaM); chemical shift perturbation (CSP) analysis; microtubule-associated protein (MAP); nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR); parvulin; protein conformation; protein-protein interaction; tubulin

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