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Nonreplicating Vaccines Can Protect African Green Monkeys from the Memphis 37 Strain of Respiratory Syncytial Virus

Eyles et al., Journal of Infectious Diseases (2013) - PMID: 23596321

Product(s) used in this publication: PepMix™ Peptide Pools

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:

We evaluated the immunological responses of African green monkeys immunized with multiple F and G protein-based vaccines and assessed protection against the Memphis 37 strain of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).

METHODS:

Monkeys were immunized with F and G proteins adjuvanted with immunostimulatory (CpG) oligodeoxyribonucleotides admixed with either Alhydrogel or ISCOMATRIX adjuvant. Delivery of F and G proteins via replication incompetent recombinant vesicular stomatitis viruses (VSVs) and human adenoviruses was also evaluated. Mucosally or parenterally administered recombinant adenoviruses were used in prime-boost regimens with adjuvanted proteins or recombinant DNA.

RESULTS:

Animals primed by intranasal delivery of recombinant adenoviruses, and boosted by intramuscular injection of adjuvanted F and G proteins, developed neutralizing antibodies and F/G protein-specific T cells and were protected from RSV infection. Intramuscular injections of Alhydrogel (plus CpG) adjuvanted F and G proteins reduced peak viral loads in the lungs of challenged monkeys. Granulocyte numbers were not significantly elevated, relative to controls, in postchallenge bronchoalveolar lavage samples from vaccinated animals.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study has validated the use of RSV (Memphis 37) in an African green monkey model of intranasal infection and identified nonreplicating vaccines capable of eliciting protection in this higher species challenge model.

KEYWORDS:

CpG; adaptive immunity; adjuvant; immunization; intranasal; mucosal; nonhuman primate; pathogen; translational; viral vector

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