Monoclonal Antibody Proteomics: Use of Antibody Mimotopedisplaying Phages and the Relevant Synthetic Peptidesfor mAb Scouting

Hajdú et al., Immunol. Lett. (2014) - PMID: 24530813

Product(s) used in this publication:  Specialty Peptides

Abstract:

Monoclonal antibody proteomics uses nascent libraries or cloned (Plasmascan™, QuantiPlasma™) libraries of mAbs that react with individual epitopes of proteins in the human plasma. At the initial phase of library creation, cognate protein antigen and the epitope interacting with the antibodies are not known. Scouting for monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) with the best binding characteristics is of high importance for mAb based biomarker assay development. However, in the absence of the identity of the cognate antigen the task represents a challenge. We combined phage display, and surface plasmon resonance (Biacore) experiments to test whether specific phages and the respective mimotope peptides obtained from large scale studies are applicable to determine key features of antibodies for scouting. We show here that mAb captured phage-mimotope heterogeneity that is the diversity of the selected peptide sequences, is inversely correlated with an important binding descriptor; the off-rate of the antibodies and that represents clues for driving the selection of useful mAbs for biomarker assay development. Carefully chosen synthetic mimotope peptides are suitable for specificity testing in competitive assays using the target proteome, in our case the human plasma.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Affinity; Monoclonal antibody; Phage-display; Proteomics; Surface plasmon resonance

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