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Induction of HLA-DP4–Restricted Anti-Survivin Th1 and Th2 Responses Using an Artificial Antigen-Presenting Cell

Tanaka et al., Clin. Cancer Res. (2011) - PMID: 21705450

Product(s) used in this publication:  Specialty Peptides

Abstract:

PURPOSE:

In previous cancer vaccine clinical trials targeting survivin, induction of specific CD8(+) T-cell responses did not consistently lead to clinical responses. Considering the critical role of CD4(+) T-cell help in generating antitumor immunity, integration of anti-survivin CD4(+) T-cell responses may enhance the efficacy of anti-survivin cancer immunotherapy. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DP4 is emerging as an attractive MHC target allele of CD4(+) T cell-mediated immunotherapy, because it is one of the most frequent HLA alleles in many ethnic groups. In this article, we aimed to elucidate DP4-restricted CD4(+) T-cell responses against survivin in cancer patients.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

We generated a human cell-based artificial antigen-presenting cell (aAPC) expressing HLA-DP4, CD80, and CD83 and induced DP4-restricted antigen-specific CD4(+) T cells. The number, phenotype, effector function, and in vitro longevity of generated CD4(+) T cells were determined.

RESULTS:

We first determined previously unknown DP4-restricted CD4(+) T-cell epitopes derived from cytomegalovirus pp65, to which sustained Th1-biased recall responses were induced in vitro by using DP4-aAPC. In contrast, DP4-aAPC induced in vitro both Th1 and Th2 long-lived anti-survivin CD4(+) T cells from cancer patients. Both survivin-specific Th1 and Th2 cells were able to recognize survivin-expressing tumors in a DP4-restricted manner. Neither survivin-specific interleukin 10 secreting Tr1 cells nor Th17 cells were induced by DP4-aAPC.

CONCLUSIONS:

DP4-restricted anti-survivin Th1 and Th2 immunity with sufficient functional avidity can be induced from cancer patients. The development of strategies to concurrently induce both CD4(+) and CD8(+) T-cell responses against survivin is warranted for optimal anti-survivin cancer immunotherapy.

©2011 AACR.

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