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Day 3 Poly (I: C)-activated Dendritic Cells Generated in CellGro for Use in Cancer Immunotherapy Trials are Fully Comparable to Standard Day 5 DCs

Truxova et al., Immunology Letters (2014) - PMID: 24726860

Product(s) used in this publication: PepMix™ Peptide Pools

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:

Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional antigen-presenting cells that are capable of inducing immune responses. DC-based vaccines are normally generated using a standard 5- to 7-day protocol. To shorten the DC-based vaccine production for use in cancer immunotherapy, we have developed a fast DC protocol by comparing standard DCs (Day 5 DCs) and fast DCs (Day 3 DCs).

METHODS:

We tested the generation of Day 5 versus Day 3 DCs using CellGro media and subsequent activation by two activation stimuli: Poly (I:C) and LPS. We evaluated DC morphology, viability, phagocyte activity, cytokine production and ability to stimulate antigen-specific T cells.

RESULTS:

Day 5 and Day 3 DCs exhibited similar phagocytic capacity. Poly (I:C)-activated Day 5 DCs expressed higher levels of the costimulatory and surface molecules CD80, CD86 and HLA-DR compared to Poly (I:C)-activated Day 3 DCs. Nevertheless, LPS-activated Day 5 and Day 3 DCs were phenotypically similar. Cytokine production was generally stronger when LPS was used as the maturation stimulus, and there were no significant differences between Day 5 and Day 3 DCs. Importantly, Day 5 and Day 3 DCs were able to generate comparable numbers of antigen-specific CD8(+) T cells. The number of Tregs induced by Day 5 and Day 3 DCs was also comparable.

CONCLUSION:

We identified monocyte-derived DCs generated in CellGro for 3 days and activated using Poly (I:C) similarly potent in most functional aspects as DCs produced by the standard 5 day protocol. These results provide the rationale for the evaluation of faster protocols for DC generation in clinical trials.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Cancer immunotherapy; Dendritic cell; Fast generation; Monocyte; Vaccine

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