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Arg Kinase Binding Protein 2 (ArgBP2) Interaction With α-actinin and Actin Stress Fibres Inhibits Cell Migration

Anekal et al., J. Biol. Chem. (2014) - PMID: 25429109

Product(s) used in this publication:  PepSpots™ Peptides on Cellulose

Abstract:

Cell migration requires dynamic remodeling of the actomyosin network. We report here that an adapter protein, ArgBP2, is a component of α-actinin containing stress fibers and inhibits migration. ArgBP2 is undetectable in many commonly studied cancer-derived cell lines. COS-7 and HeLa cells express ArgBP2 (by Western analysis), but expression was detectable only in approximately half the cells by immunofluorescence. Short term clonal analysis demonstrated 0.2-0.3% of cells switch ArgBP2 expression (on or off) per cell division. ArgBP2 can have a fundamental impact on the actomyosin network: ArgBP2 positive COS-7 cells, for example, are clearly distinguishable by their denser actomyosin (stress fiber) network. ArgBP2γ binding to α-actinin appears to underlie its ability to localize to stress fibers and decrease cell migration. We map a small α-actinin binding region in ArgBP2 (residues 192-228) that is essential for these effects. Protein kinase A phosphorylation of ArgBP2γ at neighboring Ser-259 and consequent 14-3-3 binding blocks its interaction with α-actinin. ArgBP2 is known to be down-regulated in some aggressively metastatic cancers. Our work provides a biochemical explanation for the anti-migratory effect of ArgBP2.

© 2015 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

KEYWORDS:

14-3-3 Protein; Actin Stress Fibers; Actinin; ArgBP2; Cell Migration; Cytoskeleton; Protein kinase A (PKA); Tumor Metastasis

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